The better education of women in Turkey actually has very different consequences than expected by the West: Educated young women wear the headscarf again. The veiling of women was not common at the time of Mohammed and is not mentioned in any line of the Koran. Sometime it became elegant in the East to wear a headscarf. Only during the decline of Islam in recent centuries has disguising been prescribed by fanatic believers of different religious groups as a sign of oppression of women.
Today, the modern emancipated Turkish woman wears a headscarf as a sign of protest and because it is chic again. She wants to distance herself against the Western woman’s role and to give Islamic culture a fresh impetus. These women are professionally, politically and socially active and feel equal to their husbands. They also differ outwardly from their Salvar-wearing grandmothers: under the headscarf the hair is tied up in a bun, giving the head a very elongated shape. In addition, a slight, almost floor-length coat is worn. All this is made from the finest cloth and elegantly cut, and according to the latest fashion. Thus at family celebrations, all styles are present: the grandmother wearing the traditional crocheted Anatolian headscarf, the mother with her hair dyed and permed in Western style, and the daughter with pinned-up hair and dressed in finest silk.